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Home > Quick Facts > Overview

Overview - Statewide

All funds appropriations to Texas higher education for the 2008-09 biennium totaled $19.9 billion, a 17.1 percent increase over $16.9 billion in the 2006-07 biennium.

The state's rapidly growing Hispanic population accounted for 60 percent of the higher education enrollment growth from fall 2006-2007, yet still is lagging in reaching participation targets.

Institutions

There are 143 public and independent institutions of higher education in Texas:

  • 50 public community college districts (with multiple campuses)
  • 32 public four-year universities
  • 3 public two-year, upper-division universities and centers
  • 4 campuses in the Texas State Technical College System (including three extension centers)
  • 9 public health-related institutions
  • 3 public two-year, lower-division Lamar state colleges
  • 39 independent four-year colleges and universities
  • 1 independent medical school
  • 2 independent junior colleges

Texas public universities, health-related institutions, state colleges, and the Texas State Technical College System report a $18 billion replacement value investment in their physical plants. They occupy approximately 168 million square feet of space.

Funding

  • State general revenue appropriations to higher education totaled $11.4 billion for the 2008-09 biennium, a 12.68 percent increase from $10.1 billion for the 2006-07 biennium, according to the Legislative Budget Board.
  • All funds appropriations to Texas higher education for the 2008-09 biennium totaled $19.9 billion, a 17.1 percent increase over $16.9 billion in the 2006-07 biennium, according to the Legislative Budget Board.
  • Higher education accounted for 11.84 percent of the state's total all funds appropriation of $168 billion and 14.22 percent of the state's general revenue appropriation of $80 billion for the 2008-09 biennium.
  • For public universities, the $6.4 billion all funds appropriation for the 2008-09 biennium represented an increase of 9.80 percent over the 2006-07 biennium of $5.8 billion.
  • For public universities, the $4.8 billion general revenue appropriation for the 2008-09 bien-nium represented an 11.98 percent increase from the 2006-07 biennium of $4.3 billion.
  • For public community colleges, the $1.87 billion general revenue appropriation for the 2008-09 biennium represented a 1.66 percent decrease from the 2006-07 biennium of $1.9 billion.
  • Two constitutionally mandated funds – the Permanent University Fund (PUF) and the Higher Education Assistance Fund (HEAF) – support new construction, repair and rehabilitation, land and capital equipment, and library expenses at public universities, public health-related institutions, and the Texas State Technical College System.
  • For the 2008-09 biennium, the state has authorized $667 million in tuition revenue bond (TRB) debt service retirement, an increase of 77.8 percent over the 2006-07 biennium of $375 million. TRBs are used by public higher education institutions to acquire, purchase, construct, improve, renovate, enlarge, or equip property, buildings, structures, facilities, roads, or related infrastructure on or for the campus.

General Revenue Appropriations

(Billions of Dollars)
Biennium 2006-07 2008-09
Universities $4.3 $4.8
Community Colleges $1.9 $1.87
Health-Related Institutions $2.4 $2.6
Technical Colleges $.19 $.20
Other $1.31 $2.0
Total $10.1 $11.4

All Funds Appropriations

(Billions of Dollars)
Biennium 2006-07 2008-09
Universities $5.8 $6.4
Community Colleges $1.9 $1.9
Health-Related Institutions $6.1 $7.8
Technical Colleges $.24 $.25
Other $2.9 $3.5
Total $16.9 $19.9

Enrollment

  • Since fall 2000, enrollment in Texas higher education (both public and independent institu-tions) has increased by 235,466 students – or nearly 23 percent. Enrollment totaled approximately 1.25 million students in fall 2007.
  • Although fall 2007 enrollment at Texas higher education institutions increased by 18,815 stu-dents when compared to the previous fall, the state is slightly behind in meeting the participa-tion goal of the state's Closing the Gaps by 2015 higher education plan.
  • Lower-division, two-year institutions – the sector that includes the state's public community colleges, Lamar state colleges, and the Texas State Technical College System – accounted for 61 percent, or 11,532 students – of the enrollment increase for fall 2007, when enrollments at those institutions reached 587,244 students.
  • Together, Blacks and Hispanics represent about 54 percent of Texas' 15-to-34 population, but only 39 percent of the students in Texas higher education.
  • Students from the state's rapidly growing Hispanic population accounted for 60 percent of the state's higher education enrollment growth from fall 2006 to fall 2007, but Texas is still lagging in reaching the Hispanic participa-tion targets.

Degree Info

  • Approximately 25.2 percent of Texas' population (age 25 and older) holds a bachelor's or higher degree.
  • Texas public universities awarded 74,153 bachelor's degrees, 24,055 master's degrees, and 4,521 doctoral or professional degrees in Fiscal Year 2007.
  • Texas public two-year colleges awarded 37,053 associate degrees and 20,770 certificates and 30 Bachelors of Applied Technology in Fiscal Year 2007.
  • Research expenditures at Texas higher education institutions totaled $2.25 billion in Fiscal Year 2004. Expenditures for medical science research, totaling $770 million, led all categories. Other top areas included biological and other life sciences, $535 million, and engineering, $319 million.
  • Approximately 57.2 percent of students earn a baccalaureate degree within six years of entering a Texas public higher education institution.
  • Average annual income nationwide for a person with a high school diploma is approximately $31,644; with an associate's degree, approximately $39,662; and with a bachelor's degree, approximately $56,740; based on the latest available statistics (2006).

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